|Aga Muhammad Khan Qajar Shah of Persia|
Aga or Agha Muhammad Khan founder of the Qajar Dynasty was born in Gorgon (Astrabad). He was Il Khan of the Qajar Turkmen Tribe. The Qajar were Qizilbash/Kizilbash Turkmen of the Southern Azeri group. The Qajar tribe were early supporters of Ismail Shah Safavi and the senior branch of the tribe received Gorgon/Astrabad as their fief. They received Astrabad as a strategic move to reinforce the eastern flank of the empire against the machinations of the Uzbek.
As a young child Agha Mohammad Khan was tortured and castrated by Adil Shah Afshar an ally of the Zands and his father was killed. Aga or Agha is a title that means eunuch.
In 1795 Qajar Aga Mohammed Khan moves
north into the Caucasus to rescuer the form Safavid
Khanates and kingdoms. He invaded the kingdom of Khartli
(modern day Georgia) and ravages Tbilisi. He also secures
khanates of Nakhichevan, Yerevan and Talish but fails to
Aga Mohammed Khan and the Turkmen
"But in the last years of the
century they incurred the enmity of the Persian ruler,
Aga Mohammed Khan, not, indeed, through their marauding
propensities so much as by an act of personal hostility.
Although the Turkmen
had been on sympathetic terms with Aga Mohammed and his
father, they murdered the former's brother when he fled
to them for refuge from the pursuit of Zuckee Khan, brother of the Shah
Kurrum Khan (Kerim Khan Zand,). For that act Aga
Mohammed resolved to exact the most ample reparation, and
he accordingly collected a large army at Astrabad, in the
neighborhood of which place the offending Turkmen
operations were completely successful, and the Turkmen
who were probably Kerim Khan Zand,
paid bitterly for their treachery. So severe were the
retaliatory measures adopted by Aga Mohammed, and so
resolutely did he carry out his plan of revenge, that the
were thoroughly cowed, and for a long time afterwards the
frontier near Astrabad was more settled than it had ever
been before since the days of Nadir Shah. Aga
Mohammed carried a large number of prisoners into
captivity, and in addition obtained hostages for the
future behavior of the tribe."
The Qajars belonged to a Turkman tribe
that held ancestral lands in present-day Azerbaijan,
which was formerly part of Iran. In 1779, following the
death of the Zand dynasty ruler of southern Iran,
Agha Mohammad Khan, a Qajar leader, set out to reunify
massive gold coins formed part of the indemnity of 5 krur
or 2500000 tomans paid by Persia to the Russians under
the Treaty of Turkmanchai, in 1828, following the
disastrous war. None of these coins are believed to exist
in Iran and all the presently recorded examples have
emanated from Russia. 5 krur would have weighed just over
two metric tons and contemporary reports state that it
took some 1600 mules to carry the specie. The treaty also
ceded the Khanates of Erivan and Nakhichvan to Russia in
perpetuity as well as forbidding the Persians to have any
armed vessels in the Caspian sea.
The Kajar Eunuch marched towards his prey (Lutf Ali Khan) by Shahr-i-Bobek and Mashiz, and constructed a fortified camp, which is still standing some three miles to the west of the city.